Archives pour l'étiquette Marco Rocca

Enemy at the (flood) gates – Bringing the EU back to social justice through the international protection of social rights. A legal perspective

par Marco Rocca

During the years of the Great Recession we are witnessing a growing tension between the action of the institutions of the European Union (EU) and the rights and values embodied by the Conventions of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and by the European Social Charter (ESC). The present contribution hence explores the legal relationship between the EU and those legal orders. In developing this analysis I adopt a positivist approach to the definition of “social justice”. Thus, I consider that this concept includes the respect of international standards of protection of social rights. The analysis is developed in six sections.

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Le droit social de l’Union européenne et du Conseil de l’Europe – Chronique belge de Jurisprudence (octobre 2010 – octobre 2012)

Télécharger la Chronique – novembre 2010 – octobre 2011

Télécharger la Chronique – novembre 2011 – octobre 2012

Introduction

par Filip Dorssemont, Valérie Flohimont et Pierre-Paul Van Gehuchten

L’idée d’une chronique « belge » portant sur l’année sociale en Union européenne et au Conseil de l’Europe résulte de plusieurs intuitions convergentes. Nous en exposons la genèse (I) avant de rendre compte du paradoxe apparent qu’il y a à développer une chronique dite « belge » dans laquelle… il n’est guère question de droit belge (II) et d’exposer les raisons pour lesquelles la structure et la méthodologie que l’on découvrira ci-après (III) ont été retenues – au moins en un premier moment: nul doute que tout ceci soit perfectible.

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Trade unions, collective bargaining and collective action beyond the EU and its Court of Justice

par Marco Rocca et Eftychia Achtsioglou

The purpose of this article is to assess the status of collective labour rights in the EU legal order, in the shadow of the current economic crisis. In sharp contrast to the key position granted to collective social rightsin the New Deal programs which contributed to bring the US out of the Great Depression, today the EU appears to be less and less protective of workers’ collective rights. Following the infamous Laval and Viking judgments, recent developments at EU level have undermined any legal certainty regarding trade unions’ rights. Such an uncertainty results in a “chilling effect” upon collective action, as the recent British Airlines dispute has shown. Against this judge-made framework the analysis is developed around two main themes. On the one hand, we set forth and criticise the interpretation both of trade unions as such and of their rights delivered by the CJEU, taking into account the recent judgments dealing with the right to collective bargaining. On the other, we analyse the evolutions of the relationship between fundamental social rights and economic freedoms. In particular, the assessment of the Commission’s proposal for a Regulation on the right to take collective action in the context of economic freedoms comes as an interim conclusion on the topic. The study proceeds to approach the issue in the light of the accession of the EU to the ECHR, with regard to the ECtHR recent jurisprudence which appears as more respectful of the right to bargain collectively and the right to strike

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